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eGyanKosh: Unit-13 Comparative, Common Size and Trend Statements

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In such Statements, The Change is shown in a percentage form taking One of the items as a Base and considering it equal to 100%. Notes Free revision notes, brief chapter explanations, chapter summary and mind maps for all important and difficult topics of CBSE Class 12 Accountancy as per… More.. The Non-current assets of Y Ltd. is 89.89% more as compared to X Ltd. The non-current assets of B Ltd. is 18.33% more as compared to A Ltd.

comon size

For instance, a business owner could determine the annual amount of profits that the company retained, and they can compare the retained earnings with the total assets as a base. If the amount of long-term loans in contrast to total assets is excessive, the company has an extreme debt. Both the Comparative and the Common-Size financial statements give a more or less view of the financial statement of the company. Common-size financial statements present all the financial items under their head in percentage terms. While the Comparative financial statements present the financial data for numerous years side by side. This data is to be presented in the form of absolute values, percentages, or both.

What is Common Size Balance Sheet Analysis?

For instance, you could calculate the proportion of the inventory by considering the total assets as the base. In the common size balance sheet, the value of the total assets is commonly used as the base value. The value of the liabilities in the balance sheet is equal to the value of assets. This information is, then, used by the company to compare its financial performance with that of the rivals.


Figures generated in subsequent years are expressed as percentages of base-year numbers. CBSE guide notes are the comprehensive notes which covers the latest syllabus of CBSE and NCERT. It includes all the topics given in NCERT class 12 Accountancy text book. Users can download CBSE guide quick revision notes from myCBSEguide mobile app and my CBSE guide website.


For example, a common size balance sheet would show the percentage of each asset item to the total/ aggregate assets, and similarly all liabilities would be shown as percentage of total liabilities. In the case of a common size statement of profit and loss, the items of expenditure will be presented as a percentage of the revenue from operations. The common size income statement is another type of income statement in which basically each line item is expressed as a percentage of the value of revenue or the sales. Common size financial statements analyze and then compare a company’s performance over several periods with varying sales figures.

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A common size financial statement displays items on each report as a percentage of a common base figure. Comon size financial statements are used to make it easier to compare a company to its. The term “common size balance sheet” refers to the presentation of all the line items in a balance sheet in a separate column in the form of relative percentages of total assets, primarily. This technique is convenient for comparison of the number of assets, liabilities and equity among different companies, especially when they are used for an acquisition analysis. It is essential for tax planning and preparation to keep accurate business records.

Why Is a Balance Sheet Important For Your Business?

Usually, investors take a look at the common size financial statement of the organization to get an idea of how well the business is performing over the past few years. For instance, any major drop in the financial performance of the organization will indicate that the company is experiencing a downturn. Based on this information, an investor might refrain from Investing in the company.

Common size statements come really handy if one wishes to compare enterprises which substantially differ in their size. Analysing financial figures in case of these enterprises would be a cumbersome task. For the latest updates, news blogs, and articles related to micro, small and medium businesses , business tips, income tax, GST, salary, and accounting. It assists users in determining trends concerning the percentage share of every element on the asset side and the percentage shares from each liability item.

Show business’s financial status to

It shows business loan lenders that you have a track record of managing assets and liabilities responsibly. If you apply for a small business loan, having a balance sheet will prove to lenders that you can repay your debts timely. Using Vyapar’s common size balance sheet formats, you can seamlessly record all assets and liabilities and manage your business cash flow.

What is a common size statement simple example?

If revenue is $100,000, COGS is $50,000 and S&GA is $10,000, then gross profit is $50,000, operating profit is $40,000, and net income is $31,600 (taxes at 21%). The common size version of this income statement divides each line item by revenue, or $100,000. Revenue divided by $100,000 is 100%.

Also, common size statements also help in making inter-company comparisons or industry related comparisons. A typical dimension balance sheet is impractical because there isn’t any approved standard ratio of each item to the total assets. This article will discuss the most frequently used statements we use for common size analysis. This analysis aids in understanding the effects of each item included in financial reports. In addition, the common size analysis aids in determining the contribution of every line item in the final report.

Specify the percentages as calculated above in Column III and IV of the Common Size Income Statement. Specify the percentages as calculated above in Column III and IV of the Common Size Balance Sheet. Whether profits are showing an increase or decrease in relation to the sales obtained.

It could be a percentage of the total amount/ aggregate or revenue from operations. Because of this a common size statement is also called a component percentage statement. We can conclude that the standard size balance sheet allows an easy assessment of the year-over-year performance of the same company or the comparison of businesses of different sizes. To be more specific, the user can easily see the distribution of a firm’s financial structure. Also, they can analyse the ratios to other periods or with other businesses.


The user can know a precise common size statement position by analyzing and scrutinizing the assets and liabilities at a particular date. With this foundation, readers can easily understand the financial statements and its analysis, decision criteria necessary to manage the funds and create and enhance the value of the firm. Whereas the common size financial statements present all these items in percentage terms more often. It is convenient to build a common size balance sheet as it helps in building trend lines to discover the patterns over a specific period. The analysis determines the relative weight of each account and its share in asset resources or revenue generation.

  • A ratio is an expression of a mathematical relationship between one quantity and another.
  • Free Sample Papers with solutions for Class 12 Accountancy… More..
  • In the Common Size Income Statement, all the items are expressed as Percentages and The Base is Taken to Be Revenue from Operations, Whose Percentage Stands at 100.
  • Similarly, if the amount of long-term debt as against the total assets is way too high, it indicates that the business has extremely high level of debt.
  • Ratios are often used in examining how a small business is performing in terms of Productivity, Liquidity, Profitability, and Solvency.
  • They reflect essential financial records that are used in the course of business transactions.

For a manager, it would be the efficiency of the https://1investing.in/, and for a stockholder, it will be related to the earnings and profits of the company. Financial statements are prepared for organisations or businesses to know about the state of the business at that time or period. For an organisation or a business owner, the importance of financial statements is defined by its interpretation and analysis. A common size income statement expresses all income statement accounts as % of Sales. By monitoring your current and long-term assets through the Vyapar app, you grasp your ability to generate cash flow and sustain business operations. On the other hand, short and long-term liabilities help you prioritise your most urgent financial obligations.

Revision notes in exam days is one of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days. Comparative statements – mean a comparative study of individual items or components of financial statements i.e. Balance sheet and statements of profit and loss of two or more years of the enterprise itself. Trend percentages are very useful in making comparative study of the financial statements for a number of years. These indicate the direction of movement over a long time and help an analyst of financial statements to form an opinion as to whether favourable or unfavourable tendencies have developed.

We use the value of total assets as the base for the account balance sheet. We portray each line item on the income statement in percentages of the sales total. In addition, we account for every item on the balance sheet in proportion to the total assets. Thus, a total of the assets or liabilities is taken as a common base equal to 100. These amounts are specified in Column I and Column II of the common size balance sheet.

Common-size income statement The statement in which sales figure is assumed to be 100 and all other figures are expressed as a percentage of sales is known as common size income statement. Common Size Statement The statement wherein figures reported are converted into percentage to some common base is known as common size statement. Each percentage shows the relation of the individual item to its respective total. It is a statement showing assets and liabilities of the business for two or more accounting periods. It also shows the percentage change in the monetary value of the assets and liabilities.

What is the main objective of common size statement?

Objectives of common-size income statement are to analyse change in individual items of statement of profit and loss, to study the trend in different items of revenues and expenses and to assess the efficiency of the enterprise.

Financial Ratios and Financial Statement Analysis emphasizes on the influence of financial analysis in business. The important figures in a financial statement are intertwined by many a relationship. It helps the analyst in comprehending these relationships and how each one plays its vital role in understanding a business’s growth, performance, scalability and other zones of it. It can be defined as a money related statement which contemplates any key changes and variation patterns in the monetary position of the company. If one has to assess the changes in percentage over a period of time, a common size statement can be prepared for successive years.

What is common size financial statement?

What Is a Common Size Financial Statement? A common size financial statement displays items as a percentage of a common base figure, total sales revenue, for example. This type of financial statement allows for easy analysis between companies, or between periods, for the same company.

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